Urban escape: băi publice și piscine istorice

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Urban escape: băi termale și piscine istorice
Budapest Szechnyi bath spa
  1. Băile termale Széchenyi, Budapesta, Ungaria, 1913

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________________________ Széchenyi Baths | Budapest, Hungary | c. 1913 • The Széchenyi Thermal Baths (Hungarian: Széchenyi gyógyfürdő) located in Budapest, Hungary are the largest medicinal bath and one of the largest public baths in Europe • The first thermal bath in Pest opened in this location as a temporary establishment in 1881. As its popularity increased, an expansion project was agreed upon and construction began in 1909 to expand the Baths based on the designs of Gyozo Czigler, professor of the Budapest Technical University who also designed Gozsdu Court and historical market halls in Budapest • Although the baths were initially called the Artesian Baths, by 1913, at the opening, they were already renamed as Szechenyi Gyogyfurdo, after Count Szechenyi – Istvan Szechenyi, the “Greatest Hungarian” • The cost of building the Baths was approx 3,900,000 Gold Crowns (Hungary’s currency at the time). As the popularity continued to increase, it was clear another expansion was necessary – while in 1913 there were 200,000 people visiting, by 1919 there were 890,000+ bath guests enjoying the pools. So in 1924, another major expansion was executed • During World War II, one fifth of Szechenyi Baths were damaged. In March 1945, the male baths in the right wing were used by the liberating Soviet soldiers, while the left wing pools in the former female baths, were used by the local citizens of Budapest • Today, the Baroque Revival baths have a total 18 pools, of which 15 are fed with water supplied by two thermal springs with temperatures averaging 74 °C (165 °F) and 77 °C (171 °F) • 📷: @sylviajeffreys ✍: @wikipedia • #AccidentallyWesAnderson #WesAnderson #VscoArchitecture #Vsco #AccidentalWesAnderson #ThermalBaths #Budapest #Hungary🇭🇺 #SzéchenyiBaths

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Băile termale Széchenyi din Budapesta, Ungaria, sunt cele mai mari băi medicinale și unele dintre cele mai mari băi publice din Europa. Construcția a fost numită după contele Széchenyi, “Cel mai mare ungur”, și a costat aproximativ 3,900,000 de coroane de aur.

Dacă în 1913 era vizitată de 200,000 de oameni, în 1913 deja 890,000 de vizitatori se bucurau de piscine. În prezent, băile construite în stil baroc, pun la dispoziția vizitatorilor 18 piscine, din care 15 sunt alimentate cu apă de la 2 izvoare termale. În acest complex spa există, de asemenea, coridor în aburi, producție efervescentă subacvatică, dușuri sau masaje pentru spate cu fasciculi de apă. Apele băii termale Széchenyi provin de la un izvor fierbinte cu apă ce conține calciu, magneziu, sodiu, sulfat, fluor și acid metaboric.

  1. Piscina Zwembad Veldstraat, Antwerp, Belgia, 1933

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_________________________ Zwembad Veldstraat | Antwerp, Belgium | c. 1933 • The oldest swimming pool in Antwerp is located in Veldstraat and is a wonderful example of art-deco architecture. "De Veldstraat" not only made a name for itself as a swimming pool, the institution was mainly known to people from Antwerp who did not have a bath or shower at home. They could – usually for a weekly general wash – go to Veldstraat in public baths • The design of this covered "swimming dock" was created by engineer Joseph Algoet, while city architect Emiel Van Averbeke supervised the project on a stylistic level. This art deco swimming pool was extremely modern for its time. The beautiful bathroom with wall tiles and granito floors not only had very progressive hot air ventilation, but also a mandatory passage through the foot baths and showers for the swimmers • In 1998, the building was protected as a monument, and seven years later it closed because the swimming pool did not meet the Vlarem standards. In 2006, an extensive restoration process began. Specialists were called in from all over Europe and even the United States to come provide their expertise in original building techniques. This was to ensure the restoration of the original elements such as the lead glass, the tiles and the radiators was completed in the same manner as it was in 1930s • During the renovation, the swimming pool, changing rooms and part of the bathrooms were restored to their original state and the complex was given new life as an important recreational and social location. The former technical rooms, the laundry and the caretaker's houses were given a new purpose. They now house a hammam, a bathhouse (including two herbal baths, a cold plunge pool and a hot water bath), a gymnastics and dance hall, and a brasserie • Know more? Please comment below! • 📸: @matthijsvmierlo ✍: @wikipedia + carolavandenwijngaert.be + 2060.be • #AccidentallyWesAnderson #WesAnderson #VscoArchitecture #Vsco #AccidentalWesAnderson #SymmetricalMonsters #Travelmore #ZwembadVeldstraat #Belgium #Antwerp #SportoaseVeldstraat

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Cea mai veche piscină din Anwerp se găsește în Veldstraat și este un exemplu excelent de arhitectură Art Deco. Instituția era inițial foarte populară printre locuitorii Antwerpului care nu aveau băi sau dușuri acasă. În 2016, un proces extins de restaurare a început, fiind chemați specialiști din toată Europa și din S.U.A., dorindu-se restaurarea elementelor precum sticla, faianța și radiatoarele prin tehnici originale din 1930. După restaure, fostele camera tehnice, spălătoria și casa îngrijitorului au devenit băi, piscine cu apă rece și fierbinte, sală de gimnastică și dans și braserie.

  1. Piscina Molitor, Paris, Franța, 1929

Clădirea Molitor, clasată drept monument istoric și cunoscută drept Piscines Auteuil-Molitor sau Grands établissements balnéaires d’Auteuil găzduiește o piscină și un complex hotelier, situate în arrondissement-ul 16 din Paris, lângă parcul Bois de Boulogne și între Stade Roland Garros și Parc de Princes. Complexul a fost construit în 1929 și inaugurat de înotătorii olimpici Aileen Riggin, Matthew Gauntlett și Johnny Weissmuller. Piscina este cunoscută pentru designul său Art Deco și controversata introducere a costumului de baie din 2 piese de către Louis Réard pe 5 iulie 1946.

  1. Müllersche Volksbad, Munich, Germany, 1585

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_________________________ Müllersche Volksbad | Munich, Germany | c. 1585 • • The Müllersche Volksbad is an indoor swimming pool in Munich, which is operated by Stadtwerke München. The neo-Baroque Art Nouveau structure was completed in 1901, and at the time the largest and most expensive swimming pool in the world, as well as the first public indoor pool in Munich • • The Volksbad has a tower, in which reserve water is kept, which also keeps the water pressure constant via two large pools • • The larger pool was originally the "men's pool", the smaller served until 1989 exclusively as a ladies' pool. Both basins are separated along an axis, which is a mental continuation of the path to the swimming pool • • The architect Carl Hocheder was inspired by the design of a variety of models: Roman thermal baths such as baroque sacred buildings, hammams and mosques, all held together by contemporary Art Nouveau elements • • The façade is structured by window reveals and cornices on Pollinger Kalktuff. The rich baroque interior decoration includes wide staircases leading down into the pools, murals with marine motifs, stucco, a bronze statue in the main basin, ornate iron railings and wooden balustrades, as well as a lavishly designed clock • • After a construction period of four years, the official opening took place on 1 May 1901. The engineer Karl von Müller, who had been elevated to the peerage by the Prince Regent , was present • • The most extensive restoration took place 1972-1999 and affected all parts of the bath • • Know more? Please comment below! • • 📸: @zivamoravec • ✍️: @Wikipedia • #AccidentallyWesAnderson #WesAnderson #VscoArchitecture #Vsco #Germany #SymmetricalMonsters #Munich #AccidentalWesAnderson

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Müllersche Volksbad este o piscină acoperită din Munich, construită în 1901 în stilul neo-baroc Art Nouveau, car ela vremea respective era cea mai mare și costisitoare piscină din lume, și prima piscină publică din Munich. Volkdbad are un turn în care este ținută apa de rezervă și care menține presiunea apei constantă. Arhitectul Carl Hocheder a fost inspirat de designul băilor termale romane, clăririle sacre baroce, hammam-uri și moschei, toate aduse împreună de elemente Art Nouveau. Decorațiunile bogate din interior includ scări mari care duc spre piscine, murale cu motive marine, stucco, o statuie de bronz în bazinul principal, balustrade de lemn și fier.

  1. Resortul Boca Raton, Boca Raton, Florida, 1926

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_________________________ Boca Raton Resort | Boca Raton, Florida | c. 1926 • • The Boca Raton Resort & Club, opened February 6, 1926 as the ‘Cloister Inn’, it is a large resort and membership-based club located in Boca Raton, Florida • • The site was originally designed by California-born architect, Addison Mizner who began to plan the area as a major resort destination throughout the Florida land boom of the 1920s • • When the real estate bubble's following economic depression ended, Philadelphia utility millionaire Clarence H. Geist purchased the inn via an auction in 1927, and expanded it into the 'Boca Raton Club’. Architectural firm, Schultze and Weaver doubled the inn's size and added a cabana club • • Subsequently, the U.S. Army used the club as barracks during World War II. Touted by officials as "the most elegant barracks in history," it housed soldiers during the Boca Raton Army Air Field's operation • • Within post-war times, the Club's ownership and ultimately name were changed. The Schine family purchased the club in 1944, renaming it the Boca Hotel and Club • • Then in 1969, the Boca Raton Club Tower was opened. The building is still considerably taller than any other building in southern Palm Beach County. In addition, its famous "Boca pink" color has made it more famous than its stature of 300 feet (ninety-one meters) and twenty-seven floors and it is commonly referred to as the "pink hotel" • • Know more? Please comment below! • • 📸: @dcfoodporn • ✍️: @wikipedia • #AccidentallyWesAnderson #WesAnderson #VscoArchitecture #Vsco #BocaRatonResort #SymmetricalMonsters #Florida #AccidentalWesAnderson #BocaRaton

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Boca Raton Resort & Club, deschis în 1926, este un club bazat pe membership, situat în Boca Raton, Florida. Armata americană a folosit clubul drept baracă în care au fost cazați ofițeri în timpul celui de-al Doilea Război Mondial, fiind numit de oficiali „cea mai elegantă baracă din istorie”. Clădirea a devenit faimoasă mai degrabă datorită culorii „Boca pink” și nu datorită înălțimii sau celor 27 de etaje și este numită adeseori „hotelul roz”.

  1. Kennedy Town, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong, 1974

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________________________ Kennedy Town Pool | Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong | c. 1974 • The Kennedy Town Swimming Pool (Chinese: 堅尼地城游泳池) is a public swimming complex in Kennedy Town, Hong Kong. There have been two pools of this name: the first opened in 1974 while the current iteration opened in 2011 • Construction of the original pool began in 1971 on the former site of the Kennedy Town cattle quarantine depot on Smithfield. The $7.5 million facility was funded by the Royal Hong Kong Jockey Club – a non-profit organization providing horse racing, sporting and betting entertainment in Hong Kong. At the opening ceremony in August 1974 Jockey Club steward Douglas Laing unveiled a plaque commemorating the pool • The complex comprised of two 50 metre pools, a diving pool, a spectator stand as well as smaller childrens’ pools – the pool complex was built and managed by the Urban Council and was the first public pool in Western District • The West Island Line, a scheme to extend the Island Line railway line to Western District, was gazetted in October 2007 and given final authorization in March 2009. It was decided that the terminus of the line, Kennedy Town Station, would be build at Smithfield, thus necessitating the demolition of the swimming pool • The new swimming pool complex occupies a 0.8 ha site near the Kennedy Town waterfront. It was designed by architecture firm Farrells and cost an estimated HK$671 million. The futuristic pool building is clad in zinc, while a translucent insulated membrane roofing system allows diffuse natural light to reach the indoor pool hall • Know more? Please comment below! • 📷: @veeceecheng ✍: @wikipedia • #AccidentallyWesAnderson #WesAnderson #VscoArchitecture #Vsco #AccidentalWesAnderson #TravelMore #HongKong #DiscoverHongKong #Hkigers #KennedyTown #SwimmingPools #PublicPool #SwimLife #ArtisticSwimming

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Complexul deține piscine olimpice de 50 m, o piscină pentru sărituri, o peluză pentru spectatori și piscine pentru copii.

Foto: iStock, Instagram

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